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Diabetes and the body | Diabetes UK


In this film we’re going to explain how
your body processes the food you eat
in order to provide all your body cells
with the energy they need,
and also what happens when you have
diabetes
and this system doesn’t work properly.
When you eat food that contains
carbohydrate
it’s broken down in the stomach and
digestive system into glucose, which is
a type of sugar.
sugar. We need glucose from food because that’s what gives us energy.
Carbohydrate containing foods are things like starchy foods,
sugary foods, milk, and some dairy products
and fruit. This glucose then moves into the bloodstream and the body detects
that the blood glucose level is rising. In response to that
the pancreas, which is a little gland
that sits just underneath the stomach,
starts to release a hormone called
insulin
and it’s insulin that helps our body get the energy from the food we eat.
The blood stream then takes the glucose and the insulin
to every cell in our body that needs it.
To make this easier to understand let’s
look at muscle cells.
At the muscle cells it’s insulin
that allows the glucose to get into the
cells where it can be used for energy.
It’s a bit like insulin is a key
unlocking the door to the cells
so the glucose can get in.
That way, the blood glucose levels starts to drop but
the blood glucose level can be topped up
at any point by the liver
releasing extra glucose that it has stored. The blood glucose rises again,
and again, the pancreas produces more
insulin to move with that glucose
through the bloodstream to the muscle
cells, open the doors
and let the glucose in.
The body functions best with the blood glucose at an optimum level.
It doesn’t like it if the blood glucose rises too high.
Normally there’s a cycle within the body which balances out
the glucose and the insulin level and this is achieved
the food you eat, the pancreas and the
liver.
However in some people the system
doesn’t work properly
and they develop diabetes. There are two main types of diabetes –
Type 1 and Type 2. In Type 1 diabetes
the body isn’t making any insulin at all. This is because of an
autoimmune response whereby
the body has destroyed the insulin
producing cells in the pancreas.
We don’t entirely know why that happens in some people
and not in others. Type 1 diabetes
accounts for about 10 per cent of all cases.
It’s most often found in the in the
under 40s
and it’s by far the most common type of
diabetes found in childhood.
In Type 1 diabetes the
carbohydrate-containing food is turned into glucose as normal. That glucose
then moves into the bloodstream. Normally
the body would produce insulin to let that glucose into the cells but because
into the cells but in Type 1 diabetes
there is no insulin being produced so
the glucose
can’t get into the body cells at all, so the level of glucose in the blood
rises and rises. The body tries to lower
the level of glucose,
it tries to get rid of the glucose through the kidneys.
That’s why people who have undiagnosed
Type 1 diabetes
tend to go to the toilet a lot to pass
urine.
As the kidneys filter the glucose out of the blood,
they also take a lot of water with it so
the person with diabetes will get very
thirsty.
The urine contains a lot of glucose
and that creates an environment where
it’s quite easy for bacteria to thrive
so it’s also quite common to get thrush
or genital itching.
In the same way the blood contains a
high level of glucose as well
so more bacteria than usual will tend
to breed in flesh wounds
and they might be slow to heal. Glucose can also build up
in the lens at the front of the eye causing the liquid in the lens to become cloudy.
That can mean that some people with
undiagnosed Type 1 diabetes
can have blurred vision. Because the
glucose can’t get into the cells
to be used for energy, somebody who’s got undiagnosed Type 1 diabetes
is going to start feeling very tired,
lethargic
and unable to go about their normal
daily routine. But the body still needs
an energy source
in order to work properly so what it
does is it starts to break down its
fats tools
and that can lead to weight loss.
So, the main symptoms of Type 1
diabetes
are going to the toilet a lot, thirst,
thrush or genital itching,
slow healing of wounds, blurred vision
tiredness and weight loss. These symptoms
generally happen quite quickly often over a few weeks
and come be reversed once the diabetes
is treated with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes accounts for about
90 per cent of all cases in the
population.
It’s most common in the over 40 age group in the white population
and in the over 25 age group in the
South Asian population.
Type 2 diabetes is a little more complex
because there are slightly more processes at
work.
Either the body isn’t producing quite
enough insulin
or the insulin it is producing isn’t
working properly.
That can be due to being overweight
because a build up of fat can stop
insulin doing its job properly
but it can also happen in people of a healthy weight.
So in Type 2 diabetes, the
carbohydrate-containing food is broken
down into glucose
in the stomach and digestive system as normal. That glucose
then moves into the bloodstream. The
pancreas
starts to produce insulin which moves
with the glucose
through the bloodstream to all the body
cells which need
glucose for energy. However the
glucose can’t always get into the cells
because the locks to the cell doors
have become furred up with fat deposits. That means that the
insulin can’t open the cell doors
properly.
So the level of glucose in the blood
continues to rise.
In response to this, the pancreas
produces
even more insulin so the blood glucose
levels continue to rise
and the insulin levels continue to rise.
This situation is further complicated by
the cells
which are desperate for energy – sending
out emergency signals to the liver
to release stored glucose. The blood glucose level
up and up and the pancreas produces more
and more insulin
until it can’t cope anymore and
eventually it can wear out.
As with Type 1 diabetes the symptoms of
Type 2 diabetes
are going to the toilet a lot, thirst,
thrush or genital itching, slow healing of
wounds,
blurred vision, tiredness and weight loss
in some people.
The symptoms for Type 2 diabetes come
along
very slowly and some people don’t
have any symptoms at all.
So for that reason, people can live with
Type 2 diabetes for up to 10 years
before they realise that they have it. Type
2 diabetes
can be treated in a number of different
ways. Initially it may be sufficient to
make changes to the food you’re eating
and to take extra physical activity or
lose any weight
that may be appropriate. But Type 2
diabetes
is a progressive condition and most
people will need some form
of medication to treat it
he

Randall Smitham

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100 COMMENTS

  1. Vegas Flatout Posted on March 4, 2018 at 10:45 pm

    Diabetes UK Can you cite the paper that shows that the body doesn’t make any insulin.

    Reply
  2. Cryptosomania Posted on March 7, 2018 at 5:21 pm

    According to a 2012 study by the American Diabetes Association, nearly 30 million people were suffering from diabetes in our country. The majority of the statistic was Type 2 diabetes that is mostly seen in adults. Unfortunately, the same study quoted that nearly that many people have undiagnosed diabetes. With pandemic proportions such as these, no wonder there is a plethora of books and articles about the disease.

    If you suffer from diabetes, you have probably read your share of diabetic studies and have thought about the perennial wonder treatments in the media. Since you may have experienced disappointment with information and treatments in the past, you might be cynical about yet another book.

    You can watch this out <<< http://bit.ly/2FyloJm

    Reply
  3. Pera Detlic Posted on March 9, 2018 at 3:05 pm

    Excellent Video! Forgive me for butting in, I am interested in your initial thoughts. Have you considered – Patlarny Diabetes Ruins Principle (do a google search)? It is a good one off product for destroying diabetes without the hard work. Ive heard some extraordinary things about it and my friend at very last got excellent results with it.

    Reply
  4. Nin17 Posted on March 11, 2018 at 6:34 am

    Can I avoid diabetes?😨

    Reply
  5. Analy Dávila Posted on March 15, 2018 at 5:34 am

    an interesting topic…

    Reply
  6. Player Posted on March 16, 2018 at 1:41 am

    Humans cant m even enjoy food so wtf is life all about

    Reply
  7. Automotive Inferno Posted on March 18, 2018 at 11:18 am

    I am worry about this desease

    Reply
  8. Kiran M Posted on March 23, 2018 at 4:45 pm

    Fucking. Music is So scary…..

    Reply
  9. Felix Amechazurra Posted on April 1, 2018 at 1:33 am

    THE BEST TRATMENT FOR DIABETES https://tinyurl.com/yacd5vsw YOU HAVE TO SEE IT

    Reply
  10. Sha Khan Posted on April 6, 2018 at 5:23 pm

    I was on pre diabetes, when I went to doctor for consulting, Doctor said you are on pre diabetes. He didn't give me any medicine but instead he advised me to control the food, do walking daily for about 5KM per day.. Since I'm following this, few days back I checked my blood sugar is become normal..

    Reply
  11. Sha Khan Posted on April 6, 2018 at 5:30 pm

    When I checked my fasting blood sugar first time my result was 128 mg/dl. After I control my food and walking 5km per day, my blood sugar come down at 106 mg/dl.. now I'm feeling better. So, it was a natural way to reduce blood sugar for me, you also do the same, you will get good result after a month..

    Reply
  12. Forever Student Posted on May 4, 2018 at 1:33 pm

    very informative, thank you! you deserved a like

    Reply
  13. Robert Rapsy Posted on May 5, 2018 at 3:06 pm

    Its very good educative video, thanks a lot for it

    Reply
  14. David st. clair Posted on May 28, 2018 at 12:04 am

    http://davyboy7.elmeddia.c2strack.com great video would you like to get a device that fits inside your pocket, and treats many diseases and pains.using fully automatic, and highly efficient electronic acupuncture. On the ears, hands, and feet. try here http://davyboy7.elmeddia.c2strack.com

    Reply
  15. RoseBud Posted on May 31, 2018 at 6:44 pm

    Very informative. Thank you.

    Reply
  16. The warrior fan Posted on June 7, 2018 at 10:16 pm

    i eat rice cabohyatretes –

    Reply
  17. yoshi yoshi Posted on June 8, 2018 at 2:16 am

    So this means me going to the bathroom to much is a warning

    Reply
  18. Vinod Kumar Venkata Ramani Posted on June 9, 2018 at 5:21 am

    Medicines has little effect on diabetes, but this one is quite sensible and practical. It is a good read.
    https://thejaswellness.com/diabetes/

    Reply
  19. Dr Tayyaba Shah Posted on June 14, 2018 at 3:47 pm

    simple & good
    explanation

    Reply
  20. sarah a Posted on June 16, 2018 at 11:14 am

    someone in my school has diabetes

    Reply
  21. Adz t Posted on June 20, 2018 at 11:27 am

    thank you kanye, very cool!

    Reply
  22. Dreagerd Posted on June 22, 2018 at 2:33 pm

    Damn I Think I have diabetes Type 1

    Reply
  23. Dreagerd Posted on June 22, 2018 at 2:37 pm

    How do know if I have diabetes 100%?

    Reply
  24. Me Chooken Posted on June 23, 2018 at 11:29 am

    I have type 1 diabetes

    Reply
  25. Unicorns VS Dinosaurs Posted on June 24, 2018 at 7:39 am

    a boy in my school has diabetes

    Reply
  26. David Patheyjohns Posted on July 8, 2018 at 2:55 pm

    Avoid supermarkets, they are full of bad things for your body.

    Reply
  27. ATM Hasan Ahmed Posted on July 11, 2018 at 10:31 am

    https://controlyourdiabetesnow.wordpress.com

    Reply
  28. Arsalan Sami Posted on July 13, 2018 at 6:14 am

    hey, i talk with them who seriously control diabetes level in your body and take care by good doctor at home by the help of internet. if you interested and live a happy life with having a diabetes please contact me i will show you how it is possible. My Facebook address/Arsalansami786

    Reply
  29. Rashid Ali Posted on July 16, 2018 at 9:00 pm

    Im suger petients sincd 4year but my weight loss after diabetic 65 before diabetec my wright is 110

    Reply
  30. Rashid Ali Posted on July 16, 2018 at 9:01 pm

    U wanna help me dr. Please

    Reply
  31. Eva Gale Posted on July 18, 2018 at 6:23 am

    That’s why I don’t want to eat everything, but my parents makes me eat fruits because it’s healthy

    Reply
  32. Adrian Swaby Posted on July 20, 2018 at 3:32 pm

    XM.?/
    DIABETESAFECRACKER

    Reply
  33. Khairil Posey Posted on July 26, 2018 at 8:36 am

    the big lies about diabetes click here for more https://bit.ly/2uSV6em

    Reply
  34. shyamal haldar Posted on August 7, 2018 at 6:28 pm

    very nice explanation. good wishes from india.

    Reply
  35. Cyco Psycho Posted on August 19, 2018 at 12:33 pm

    Thank you I now understand

    Reply
  36. Bradlee William Posted on August 21, 2018 at 2:17 am

    Thank you 🙏 the animation is so clear and good job 👍

    Reply
  37. fuzail khursheed Posted on August 26, 2018 at 9:37 am

    woh this is really beautiful video and i like it very much…

    Reply
  38. Hot Wheels Fan Posted on September 20, 2018 at 9:07 pm

    This is probably the best video in YouTube to describe type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Great video highly recommend it for people who studying biology.

    Reply
  39. Rob Simmons Posted on September 25, 2018 at 2:10 pm

    Very clear video but doesnt help with those of us T2s who are not overweight? Doc says liver is not fatty and in your

    Reply
  40. Sunny shah Posted on October 2, 2018 at 1:39 am

    Guys, you can cure any kind of Diabetes trough fasting, and having a 0 carb diet.
    Human body does not have any need for carbohydrates, stay away from carb food such as grains, bread, processed food.
    Eat once a day.
    Your body currently burns Glucose for energy, but when you start eating once a day, and do fasting,
    after 16 hours of not eating, your body will have depleted all of it's glucose, and it will start burning fat for energy.
    This is called Ketosis.
    And this is one of the best forms of energy for your body,
    Fasting is the cure to any disease.
    Also, Fasting stimulates productions of protein called Sirtuins, which are responsible for DNA repair, and key factor in Longevity.
    Your Doctor may tell you to continue taking medicines for life, but it's not true,
    these Companies and Pharmaceuticals depend on your Diabetes to stay alive, so they can make more money by selling you effective medicines.

    Reply
  41. jessica walsh Posted on October 2, 2018 at 10:11 pm

    If you look for the research its been found the the consumption of dairy can be the course of type 1

    Reply
  42. Kimberly Scott-Pilkington Posted on October 4, 2018 at 7:04 pm

    One of the best presentations I've ever seen on the differences between Type 1 and Type 2.  There are other types as well though, and I feel really bad that those people probably have very little if any support from others because they don't understand what they are dealing with.

    Reply
  43. 311stuarty Posted on October 13, 2018 at 8:19 pm

    excellent video found out I have type 1 diabetes no one in my family has it weird as they said type one is a genetic based high hopes for now

    Reply
  44. healer of Heart Posted on October 21, 2018 at 4:42 am

    Great illustration..!! Many many thanks

    Reply
  45. Gharshana Beauty & Health Shoppe Posted on October 23, 2018 at 11:51 am

    A very clear video with excellent explanation, Thanks for Uploading!

    Reply
  46. Tempirance1 Posted on November 1, 2018 at 6:46 pm

    I really appreciate your well thought out video and clear precise explanations of both types of Diabetes. I would like to see more videos about how Diabetes can affect how your body functions over time with and without proper care. I've been Diabetic for over 10 years and I still don't understand about the certain side affects in long term this disease will have on my body. Thank you for your attention to details in this video. It's so important to be educated.

    Reply
  47. Ashley Jackson Posted on November 9, 2018 at 2:42 am

    my uncle in law Arnold Loudermilk Jr. passed away from complications related to type 1 diabetes for 5 years ago.

    Reply
  48. TB1M1 Posted on November 22, 2018 at 11:32 pm

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CT8K6NcAigo&t=203m30s

    Reply
  49. Cassie’s Viewing Tube and creativity Posted on December 3, 2018 at 8:37 pm

    I'm having diabetes right now

    Reply
  50. bo ang Posted on December 4, 2018 at 6:33 am

    There is no need to take medications like Metformin even when you are a type 2 diabetic. Just avoid bread, cereal, pasta, rice, corn, ice cream, soft drinks, fruits, fruit juices and sweets. Eat eggs, beef, bacon,fish, chicken, pork, peanuts, butter, cheese and lots of vegetable salad instead. Take omega 3 capsules. Don't eat anything from 5pm until 7am. Verify my advice based from experience using a glucometer one hour after meal.

    Reply
  51. Benjamin Simatambo Posted on December 4, 2018 at 2:26 pm

    nice one. this really helped me to understand DM so well

    Reply
  52. Soccer90 Tem Posted on December 5, 2018 at 6:23 pm

    Yea thanks I'm more confused now both have same symptoms so how am i supposed to know which one I may have?

    Reply
  53. cahaya mata Posted on December 7, 2018 at 2:09 pm

    Excellent explanation

    Reply
  54. Wizzy 24 Godspower Posted on December 9, 2018 at 3:56 pm

    Which of this 2 types. Can We treat with insulin injektion?

    Reply
  55. hafeez ahmad Posted on December 18, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    Assalam o alikum
    avery clear video thanks for that
    please some videos clear like that about all the body systems

    Reply
  56. World Anthems Posted on December 19, 2018 at 4:00 pm

    Just how the hell did they know about all these stuffs? This is sorcery and witchraft and they should all be hanged for these sins…

    Reply
  57. Diabetic Diet Every Day Posted on December 21, 2018 at 9:45 am

    Diabetes

    Reply
  58. zerrick Jenkins Posted on December 30, 2018 at 1:13 pm

    I have diebeets

    Reply
  59. The samson Posted on January 2, 2019 at 10:37 pm

    Thank you know i no you help me

    Reply
  60. Joe Done Posted on January 3, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    Anyone else have type 1/2 diabetes?

    Reply
  61. ozge tac Posted on January 8, 2019 at 11:27 am

    Ritengo che la maggior parte dei disturbi cronici derivino da una diminuzione del metabolismo. Vi suggerisco di cercare Nodibet su Youtube

    Reply
  62. King Jhon Posted on February 1, 2019 at 4:46 am

    I got diabetes and this happened to me out of nowhere.

    Reply
  63. jack fenn Posted on February 2, 2019 at 5:49 pm

    I have heard the body produces cancer cells naturally, because cancer cells eat 12 times more sugar than any other cell. In a normal situation, those cancer cells would then experience "apoptosis", or normal cancer cell death, and be flushed out of the body naturally. Also, the pancreas NORMALLY produces 2 enzymes, –"trypsisn" and "chymo-trypsin". These enjy

    Reply
  64. jack fenn Posted on February 2, 2019 at 5:50 pm

    So why are you interrupting my comments? Isn't this true?

    Reply
  65. Undertaker kane Posted on February 11, 2019 at 2:56 am

    One word…"Keto"

    Reply
  66. le van hoang Posted on February 14, 2019 at 9:55 am

    Đừng khinh thường bệnh tiểu đường
    https://suckhoedoisong24h.com/threads/chua-tieu-duong-chon-thuoc-tay-hay-thao-duoc.8690/

    Reply
  67. Ako si Titay Posted on February 26, 2019 at 12:33 pm

    VERY THOROUGH EXPLANATION. DO YOU HAVE ANYMORE OTHER DISEASES???

    Reply
  68. One Cure for All Diseases Posted on February 28, 2019 at 5:58 pm

    Diabetes is caused due to excess fluids intake or excess tea intake even though water intake could be low.

    Reply
  69. sravanthi macharla Posted on March 9, 2019 at 5:28 am

    Excellent explaintion

    Reply
  70. chato anselmo Posted on March 11, 2019 at 7:15 am

    Well I guess I have diabetes

    Reply
  71. Hgjjjcgj Bguj ki Posted on March 17, 2019 at 8:56 pm

    F*** diabetes

    Reply
  72. Bob the Science Guy Posted on March 21, 2019 at 2:30 am

    https://youtu.be/AbbOOg0Jmuk. That 15min talk your doctor should have given you

    Reply
  73. vaibhav revandkar Posted on March 24, 2019 at 4:32 pm

    This is one of the best video on diabetes ever……

    Reply
  74. Malik Mansur Posted on April 1, 2019 at 3:04 pm

    beautiful, simplified and easy to understand, thanks

    Reply
  75. Hatachi The Spectator Posted on April 3, 2019 at 10:09 pm

    Very easy to understand clear video

    Reply
  76. TM life Posted on April 5, 2019 at 2:29 pm

    My 5 year old daughter has just been diagnosed with type 1 this video has helped me understand what's happening in her body a lot better so thank you

    Reply
  77. Gustavo Castaneda Posted on April 6, 2019 at 12:44 pm

    My dad has type 1 diabetes and my mom has type 2

    Reply
  78. Anthony Mitchell Posted on April 12, 2019 at 8:38 pm

    I heard the KETO DIET will reverse this disease in it's foot tracks

    Reply
  79. Hair Care Specialist Posted on April 16, 2019 at 4:23 pm

    lol amazing

    Reply
  80. Lilly Parr Posted on April 18, 2019 at 9:40 am

    In terms of details about general health and diabetes treatment method, I find this 4BestDiabetesCure.blogspot.com easy to follow and very good. Thru this plan, you could transform your lifestyle and diet without getting particular about your carb or calorie. My transition to a more healthy life-style hasn`t only helped me lose fat but also overcome diabetic issues and high blood pressure! It is correct that you really could change diabetes..?

    Reply
  81. Deesha Ramji Posted on April 29, 2019 at 9:06 pm

    Is milk consumption linked to diabetes

    Reply
  82. shivani balram Posted on May 14, 2019 at 8:14 am

    https://www.nirogdarpan.in/diabetes/diabetic-foot-care-diabetic-foot-ulcer/

    Reply
  83. baz sheppard Posted on May 26, 2019 at 11:24 am

    I agree with RON BUTTERLY a very clear explanation and animation, very easy for any one to understand

    Reply
  84. Krisgames Posted on May 30, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    I have a theory… doesnt the insulin get created less because the body wants to Loose weight and so using the fat for fuel? But still making some for the cells that have less fat in them so less fuel. Made by your 11 year old boy…

    Reply
  85. Даниил Попов Posted on June 19, 2019 at 9:40 am

    I must tell you about a person who helped me alot me with Diabetes! He is the only person, who can give you a step by step way how to cure it. Just open site DIABETES. XCOURSE. XYZ (without spaces) and watch his amazing story!

    Reply
  86. label1877 Posted on June 20, 2019 at 1:36 pm

    If you have type 2 diabetes read Dr. Jason Fung’s books and watch his videos. It can be cured 90% of the time… easily and free.

    Reply
  87. Ard Tru Posted on June 20, 2019 at 6:05 pm

    Diabetes is a serious illness that as we know is often caused by dietary and lifestyle choices. I found the video pasted below and was staggered by the ignorance of this man. He is blaming diabetes on immigration using utterly ignorant references to try to justify his racist agenda. Total idiot and an insult to diabetes sufferers world wide. https://youtu.be/3L7FJCnIfJ4

    Reply
  88. Sangeeta Gehlot Posted on June 29, 2019 at 4:07 am

    Nice explained by you

    Reply
  89. Timothy Baeza Posted on July 1, 2019 at 3:45 am

    My uncle Jim died he had diabetes if only he had taken care of himself sad really.

    Reply
  90. Timothy Baeza Posted on July 1, 2019 at 3:48 am

    I had this other uncle named john whom the doctors said his arm would need to be amputated he took care of himself…in a different way he didn't want to live like that luckily I exercise very important in prevention

    Reply
  91. Victorioo Posted on July 3, 2019 at 1:50 am

    I'm here because i got diagnosed with it today

    Reply
  92. ShintyShinto Posted on July 16, 2019 at 8:45 am

    Great video, will show this to any newly diagnosed diabetics I meet in the future.

    Reply
  93. Love Catarina Posted on August 8, 2019 at 3:37 pm

    very good!

    Reply
  94. Golf Enthusiast Posted on August 28, 2019 at 3:41 am

    WRONG! We do not need glucose. Our body produces enough glucose to supply vital organs with the amounts they need through gluconeogenesis. NEXT!

    Reply
  95. Jorge Fierro Posted on August 31, 2019 at 9:03 pm

    I am a type 2 diabetic My blood glucose was at 400-500 about 3 months ago my A1C was at 12 now it's at level 6
    Now my blood glucose is on average at 85-120 when in the morning and 120-170 after a meal and at 95 before bed time.
    Never took meds and not planing on doing it.

    Reply
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